Real-Time Wireless Channel Emulation for Autonomous Vehicles
by Markus Hofer and Thomas Zemen (AIT)
The properties of wireless vehicular communication channels do not remain constant during a vehicle’s trip. Both the transmitter and the receiver are moving, which generates not only time and frequency (doubly) selective channels but also channel statistics that are non-stationary, i.e., they change over time. To function properly, new wireless vehicular communication systems for connected autonomous vehicles require validation and verification in vehicular environments. To avoid time intensive, costly and difficult to repeat real-world measurements on the road, real-time channel emulators that emulate the wireless vehicular channel as accurately as possible are needed. We present a real-time channel emulator based on a software defined radio platform that is able to emulate real-world propagation scenarios.