- Category: Keynote
European efforts for more intelligent transport systems have a long history with the first programmes focusing on Road Transport Informatics (RTI) dating back to the 1980’s. The corresponding Intelligent Vehicles Safety Systems started even earlier in the late 1950’s by progressing from passive safety systems towards truly pro-active safety functions we envision today. The state of the art in road and vehicle safety is today represented by the concept of cooperative driving. Current cooperative driving is based on vehicles communicating with each other – widely regarded as vehicle-2-vehicle communication – and with the infrastructure – accordingly named vehicle-2-infrastructure communication. This development has been driven mainly by safety needs to provide travellers sufficient information early enough to be able to respond to dynamic traffic situations. Additionally, vehicles anonymously announcing their general position and velocity are set to be far more effective for assessing current traffic conditions and improving general traffic efficiency. Thus, vehicle-2-x communication technology (the “x” stands for vehicles and infrastructure) extends the range of vehicle sensors to yet unseen distances allowing vehicles to “see” around corners and warn drivers of upcoming dangers, making sure she or he can act in due time to avoid an accident or at least mitigate its impact.
- Category: Special Theme
by Jaroslav Machan and Christian Laugier
The recent global economic growth and the related overall increase in volumes of transportation, along with stronger public demand for mobility, are leading causes of road infrastructure congestion and of a large number of accidents and deaths (about one fatality per every 100 million km of driving and a social cost in France of 23 billion Euros in 2011). These factors have lead to a heavy rise in both energy consumption and also environmental and social problems.